The overall strength of the marine economy has further improved. According to the "2018-2022 China Ocean Economic Industry In-depth Analysis and Development Planning Consultation and Suggestion Report" issued by China Investment Consultant, during the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, China's marine economy continued to maintain an overall stable development momentum, with an average annual growth rate of 8.1%. It is still a powerful engine for stimulating the development of the national economy. In 2015, the total amount of marine economy was close to 6.5 trillion yuan, an increase of 65.5% over the end of the “11th Five-Year Plan”; the total value of marine production accounted for 9.4% of GDP; and the number of employed persons in the sea was 35.89 million. At the end of the fifth period, an increase of 2.39 million people.
The structure of the marine economy has been adjusted. During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, the structural adjustment of the marine industry showed positive changes. The three industrial structures of the marine economy were adjusted from 5.1:47.7:47.2 in 2010 to 5.1:42.5:52.4 in 2015. The traditional marine industry has accelerated its transformation and upgrading. The exploration and development of marine oil and gas has further expanded to the far-off seas. The proportion of marine aquaculture has further increased, and the completion of high-end vessels and special vessels has increased. The emerging marine industry has maintained rapid development, with an average annual growth rate of 19%. The growth momentum of the marine service industry is obvious. The average annual growth rate of coastal tourism industry is 15.4%. The tourism industry such as cruise yachts has developed rapidly, and the financial services industry in the sea has started rapidly.
In 2016, China's marine shipbuilding industry has improved its capacity, shipbuilding enterprises have accelerated product structure optimization and upgraded technological innovation capabilities, and a number of high-tech, high-value-added first-hand vessels such as 37,500 cubic meters of ethylene ships and polar heavy-duty deck carriers have been successfully developed. It was delivered to the shipowner; the offshore engineering equipment manufacturing industry made a major leap to the design and construction of high-end products, and the “Hope 6” floating production storage and offloading platform was built and delivered. At the same time, the offshore oil and gas industry actively promoted the development of the international market and accelerated the deployment of overseas markets. CNOOC Saudi Arabia completed the qualification update and was officially listed for operation.
In recent years, the pace of transformation and upgrading of China's marine traditional industries has accelerated, but the “pain” of structural adjustment will continue. According to relevant statistics, in 2016, the volume and price of marine oil and gas industry fell, and the annual added value only reached 86.9 billion yuan, a decrease of 7.3% over the previous year. Due to the continuous adjustment of the international shipping market, the profitability of shipping companies has fallen sharply. Industrial enterprises realized a total profit of 14.74 billion yuan, down 1.9% year-on-year.
Traditional resources such as marine fisheries and marine shipbuilding industries and labor-intensive industries will face more severe challenges in the future. During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, we will actively promote the transformation and optimization of traditional industrial technologies and accelerate green energy around the marine economy. The pace of transformation.
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